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QIAquick PCR Purification Kit

For purification of up to 10 μg PCR products, 100 bp to 10 kb

Features

  • Up to 95% recovery of ready-to-use DNA
  • Cleanup of DNA up to 10 kb in three easy steps
  • Gel loading dye for convenient sample analysis
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QIAquick PCR Purification Kit (50)

Cat. No. / ID: 28104

For purification of 50 PCR reactions: 50 QIAquick Spin Columns, Buffers, Collection Tubes (2 ml)
KitColumn
QIAquick PCR Purification Kit
QIAquick PCR & Gel Cleanup Kit
QIAquick Spin Columns
Preparations
50
250
The QIAquick PCR Purification Kit is intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.

✓ 24/7 automatic processing of online orders

✓ Knowledgeable and professional Product & Technical Support

✓ Fast and reliable (re)-ordering

Product Details

The QIAquick PCR Purification Kit provides spin columns, buffers, and collection tubes for silica-membrane-based purification of PCR products >100 bp. DNA of up to 10 kb is purified using a simple and fast bind-wash-elute procedure and an elution volume of 30–50 μl. An optional pH indicator allows easy determination of the optimal pH for DNA binding to the spin column. The procedure can be fully automated on the QIAcube Connect.

For optimal results it is recommended to use this product together with QIAvac 24 Plus.

QIAquick PCR Purification standard protocols can also be executed using the TRACKMAN Connected system, paired with PIPETMAN M Connected pipettes, both from Gilson. The TRACKMAN Connected system guides researchers through the QIAquick PCR Purification protocols while automatically adjusting the Bluetooth-enabled PIPETMAN M Connected pipette settings. Each step of the protocol execution is recorded to accelerate reporting by generating a comprehensive run report. Download more information.

Performance

The QIAquick PCR Purification procedure removes primers, nucleotides, enzymes, mineral oil, salts, and other impurities from DNA samples (see figure " Complete primer removal after PCR"). Using a microcentrifuge or vacuum manifold, DNA ranging from 100 bp to 10 kb is purified.
See figures

Principle

QIAquick Kits contain a silica membrane assembly for binding of DNA in high-salt buffer and elution with low-salt buffer or water. The purification procedure removes primers, nucleotides, enzymes, mineral oil, salts, agarose, ethidium bromide, and other impurities from DNA samples (see figure " Complete primer removal after PCR"). Silica-membrane technology eliminates the problems and inconvenience associated with loose resins and slurries. Specialized binding buffers are optimized for specific applications and promote selective adsorption of DNA molecules within particular size ranges.

Gel loading dye

To enable faster and more convenient sample processing and analysis, gel loading dye is provided. GelPilot Loading Dye contains three tracking dyes (xylene cyanol, bromophenol blue, and orange G) to facilitate the optimization of agarose gel run time and prevent smaller DNA fragments migrating too far (see figure " GelPilot Loading Dye").

See figures

Procedure

The QIAquick system uses a simple bind-wash-elute procedure (see flowchart " QIAquick and MinElute procedure"). Binding buffer is added directly to the PCR sample or other enzymatic reaction, and the mixture is applied to the QIAquick spin column. The binding buffer contains a pH indicator, allowing easy determination of the optimal pH for DNA binding (see figure  "pH Indicator Dye"). Nucleic acids adsorb to the silica membrane in the high-salt conditions provided by the buffer. Impurities are washed away and pure DNA is eluted with a small volume of low-salt buffer provided or water, ready to use in all subsequent applications.

Handling

QIAquick spin columns are designed to provide two convenient handling options. The spin columns fit into a conventional table-top microcentrifuge or onto any vacuum manifold with luer connectors, such as QIAvac 24 Plus with QIAvac Luer Adapters. The QIAquick PCR Purification Kit, in addition to other QIAGEN spin-column-based kits, can be fully automated on the QIAcube, enabling increased productivity and standardization of results (see figures "Spin column handling options  A,  B,  C,  D, and  E").

See figures

Applications

DNA fragments purified with the QIAquick system are ready for direct use in all applications, including sequencing, microarray analysis, ligation and transformation, restriction digestion, labeling, microinjection, PCR, and in vitro transcription.

Supporting data and figures

Specifications

FeaturesSpecifications
Binding capacity10 µg
TechnologySilica technology
Sample type: applicationsssDNA or dsDNA from PCR and other enzymatic reactions
Fragments removed< 40mers
Elution volume> 30 µl
Fragment size100 bp – 10 kb
ProcessingManual
FormatTube
Type(s) of DNA recoveredss DNA and dsDNA

Resources

User-Developed Protocols (1)
The protocol has been used successfully for Cy3-, Cy5-, and biotin-labeling of cDNA from <50 ng of total RNA or poly A+ mRNA.
Kit Handbooks (2)
Protocol Files (4)
Protocol Sheet for QIAcube classic - QIAquick PCR Purification - Large-volume samples protocol
Protocol sheet for QIAcube classic - QIAquick PCR Purification - Standard - Protocol
Purification of PCR products from 100-200 µl PCR samples

This protocol is for purification of double-stranded DNA fragments (100 bp to 10 kb) from PCR reactions of up to 200 µl sample volume (e.g., pooled samples) using the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit.

Sample Size 100-200 µl PCR samples
Elution volume 30-100 µl in increments of 10 µl, default 50µl
Applications Cleanup, DNA
Starting material Amplification reactions
QIAquick PCR Purification protocol

This protocol is for purification of single- or double-stranded DNA fragments (100 bp to 10 kb) from amplification reactions using the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit.

Sample Size 5-100 µl PCR samples
Elution volume 30-100 µl in increments of 10 µl, default 50µl
Applications Cleanup, DNA
Starting material Amplification reactions
Safety Data Sheets (1)
Download Safety Data Sheets for QIAGEN product components.

FAQ

I bound an 11 kb DNA fragment to a QIAquick column; is it completely lost?

Larger DNA fragments bind more tightly to the QIAquick columns. It is difficult to predict whether a DNA fragment larger than 10 kb can be efficiently recovered, because this depends on base composition as well as fragment size. If the fragment is only a few kb larger than the 10 kb limit, it can be helpful to heat the elution buffer EB to 60°C and let it incubate on the column for a few minutes before centrifuging. However, please note that it will become less likely to recover your sample the larger the fragment size is. As we cannot guarantee recovery of fragments larger than the maximum cutoff size, we do not recommend to purify such fragments using QIAquick Kits.

The QIAEX II Kit can be used to extract DNA fragments up to 50 kb from agarose or polyacrylamide gels.

 

FAQ ID -756
Are Buffer PB of the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit and Buffer QG of the QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit interchangeable?

Buffer PB of the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit cannot be used to extract DNA from agarose gels. However, Buffer QG of the QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit can be used to remove salt and proteins from enzymatic reactions by adding 3 volumes of Buffer QG and 1 volume of isopropanol to the reaction and proceeding with step 6 of the Gel Extraction Spin Protocol in the QIAquick Spin Handbook. See the QIAquick Spin Handbook for a list of reactions which can be cleaned up with the various QIAquick kits.

FAQ ID -786
Are QIAprep and QIAquick Spin columns interchangeable?
No. While columns from the QIAprep Spin Miniprep Kit and the QIAquick PCR Purification- and Gel Extraction Kits are based on silica-gel-membrane technology, each is designed to work optimally within its own kit format. In addition, the binding capacity and DNA recovery size cut-offs of the QIAprep and QIAquick Spin columns are different. QIAprep Spin columns bind up to 20 ug of plasmid DNA up to 50 kb in length, while the QIAquick Spin columns bind up to 10 ug of DNA with a maximum fragment size of 10 kb.
FAQ ID -311
Are the columns of the QIAquick PCR Purification-, Gel Extraction-, and Nucleotide Removal Kit interchangeable?
Yes - all QIAquick Spin Kits contain identical columns, but different binding buffers optimized for each specific application.
FAQ ID -577
How can I improve recoveries when using the QIAquick Kits?

Buffer PE did not contain ethanol

Ethanol must be added to Buffer PE (concentrate) before use. Repeat procedure with correctly prepared Buffer PE.

Inappropriate elution buffer

DNA will only be eluted efficiently in the presence of low-salt buffer (e.g., Buffer EB: 10 mM Tris·Cl, pH 8.5) or water. Elution efficiency is strongly dependent on the salt concentration and pH of the elution buffer. Contrary to adsorption, elution is most efficient under basic conditions and low salt concentrations. DNA is eluted with 50 or 30 µl of the provided Buffer EB (10 mM Tris·Cl, pH 8.5), or water. The maximum elution efficiency is achieved between pH 7.0 and 8.5. When using water to elute, make sure that the pH is within this range. In addition, DNA must be stored at –20°C when eluted with water since DNA may degrade in the absence of a buffering agent. Elution with TE (10 mM Tris·Cl, 1 mM EDTA, pH 8.0) is possible, but not recommended because EDTA may inhibit subsequent enzymatic reactions.

Elution buffer incorrectly dispensed

Add elution buffer to the center of the QIAquick membrane to ensure that the buffer completely covers the membrane. This is particularly important when using small elution volumes (30 µl).

FAQ ID -180
Can QIAquick Kits be used to clean up RNA samples?
Although it is possible to use the QIAquick Nucleotide Removal Kit and QIAquick PCR Purification Kit for RNA purification, the conditions are not optimized for RNA, nor are RNase-free conditions guaranteed. The RNeasy MinElute Cleanup Kit is recommended for clean-up, concentration and desalting of RNAs above 200 bases in length.
FAQ ID -490
Do CoralLoad dyes supplied in various QIAGEN PCR Kits interfere with downstream applications?

CoralLoad dyes supplied in PCR Kits such as, e.g., Taq, HotStarTaq, and TopTaq DNA Polymerase and TopTaq Master Mix do not interfere with most downstream enzymatic applications.

However, for reproducible results, purification of PCR products using the QIAquick or MinElute PCR Purification Kits prior to enzymatic manipulation is recommended.

 

 

FAQ ID -1745
How do I perform a DNA precipitation to concentrate my sample?
  • Add 1/10 volume of 3 M Na-Acetate pH 5.2, and 2 to 2.5 volumes of ice-cold 100% ethanol to the DNA sample
  • Mix, and store at -20°C for at least 1 hour to precipitate the DNA
  • Recover the precipitated DNA by centrifugation at full speed in a microcentrifuge for 15-20 minutes
  • Pour off the ethanol and wash the pellet twice with room-temperature 70% ethanol
  • Allow the DNA pellet to air-dry
  • resuspend the DNA in a suitable volume of sterile TE buffer or distilled water
FAQ ID -305
Do you have a protocol for purification of DNA fragments from Cy3/Cy5 dye-label reactions?
Yes, please follow the Supplementary Protocol 'Purification of DNA fragments from dye-labeled reactions using the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit' (QQ06). 
FAQ ID -947
What is the composition of Buffer PB?
Buffer PB contains a high concentration of guanidine hydrochloride and isopropanol. The exact composition of Buffer PB is confidential. However, this buffer can be purchased separately: Buffer PB.
FAQ ID -2791
Will the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit remove sufficient SYBR Green from real-time PCR reactions to allow sequencing?

Based on our experience, the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit removes SYBR Green dye efficiently from PCR reactions.

We strongly assume that the QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit will be equally efficient in removing this dye, however, we recommend a 5 min incubation with wash Buffer PE on the QIAquick spin column at step 10 of the QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit Protocol. Efficiency of SYBR Green dye removal has to be validated by the enduser.

 

FAQ ID -637
Do I have to remove the oil from my PCR reaction before using the QIAquick or MinElute PCR Purification Kit?
No - mineral oil will not affect the clean-up procedure with the QIAquick or MinElute PCR Purification Kit.
FAQ ID -575
Can I use the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit for restriction enzyme cleanup?

Yes. The QIAquick PCR Purification Kit has been used to clean up fragments between 100 bp and 10 kb from a wide range of enzymatic reactions, removing salts, buffers, enzymes, nucleotides, and primers smaller than 40 nucleotides. Reactions that can be cleaned up with the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit include restriction digests, random priming, ligase, kinase, phosphatase, nuclease, nick translation, and cDNA synthesis reactions.
For data and additional information, please see QIAGEN News article Issue No. 5, 1998 "Fast and efficient enzyme removal with QIAquick Spin kits."

FAQ ID -130
Why does my DNA sample float out of the slot when loading it onto an agarose gel?

DNA fragments purified with the QIAGEN DNA Cleanup Systems, i.e., the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit, the MinElute Reaction Cleanup Kit, the QIAEX II Gel Extraction Kit etc. may float out of the loading wells of agarose gels due to residual ethanol carried over from the wash step with Buffer PE (despite the addtition of glycerol-containing loading buffer).

Use either of the following options to remove residual ethanol from the eluate:

  • re-purify the sample using a QIAquick-, or MinElute column, or QIAEX II resin
  • incubate the eluate at 56°C for 10 min to evaporate the ethanol
  • dry down the sample in a vacuum centrifuge, and resuspend the pellet in a small volume of sterile water
FAQ ID -205
Is it possible to clean up a methylation reaction containing bisulfite with QIAquick Cleanup Kits?
Yes, bisulfite containing methylation reactions can be cleaned up with our silica-based cleanup products, such as QIAquick and QIAEX II. Please see Goyon et al. (1994),  'Perpetuation of cytosine methylation in Ascobolus immersus implies a novel type of maintenance methylase', published in J Mol Biol. 1994 Jul 1;240(1):42-51, for a reference.
FAQ ID -519
Do you have information about the cleanup of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) with QIAquick columns?

As a rule of thumb, single-stranded DNA binds to silica with approximately half the affinity of a double-stranded DNA fragment of the same length under the buffer conditions used in the QIAquick and MinElute Kits. Even though no systematic experimental data exists, we expect that recovery of ssDNA fragments of approximately 200 nucleotides and below will not be very efficient after cleanup using the QIAquick PCR Purification Kit or MinElute PCR Purification Kit. By comparison, it should be possible to purify fragments longer than 140 nucleotides using the QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit.

Note that recovery of single strand DNA is influenced to some degree also by factors such as base composition and secondary structure. It has to be determined empirically by the researcher if cleanup of single-stranded DNA with QIAquick columns yields satisfactory results.

FAQ ID -759
What is the composition of Buffer EB?

The composition of Buffer EB is:

  • 10 mM Tris-Cl, pH 8.5

Buffer EB is the elution buffer used in the QIAquick PCR, Gel Extraction, Nucleotide Removal Kits, and MinElute Kits for DNA cleanup, and the QIAprep Miniprep Kits for small-scale plasmid purification. The purified DNA can also be eluted in TE (10 mM Tris-Cl, 1 mM EDTA, pH 8.0), but the EDTA may inhibit subsequent enzymatic reactions.

FAQ ID -199
What is the small band below my fragment of interest on an agarose gel after DNA cleanup using QIAquick?

Occasionally, DNA fragments eluted from the silica matrix of QIAquick, MinElute or QIAEX II Kits will contain denatured single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), appearing as a smaller band on an analytical gel. Under certain conditions, chaotropic agents (present in all silica-based DNA purification methods) can denature DNA fragments. This is a rare event that may be influenced by sequence characteristics such as the presence of inverted repeats or A–T-rich stretches.

Because salt and buffering agents promote renaturation of DNA strands, the following tips are recommended:

  • use the eluted DNA to prepare your downstream enzymatic reaction, but omit the enzyme. Incubate the reaction mix at 95°C for 2 minutes to reanneal the ssDNA, and allow the tube to cool slowly to room temperature before adding the enzyme and proceeding
  • alternatively, the DNA can be eluted from the silica-gel membrane or resin in 10 mM Tris buffer containing 10 mM NaCl. However, the salt concentration of the eluate must then be taken into consideration in downstream applications.
FAQ ID -148
Can I buy QIAquick and MinElute columns separately?

The QIAquick Spin Columns (100) (cat. no. 28115) in the QIAquick PCR Purification, Gel Extraction, Nucleotide Removal and PCR & Gel Cleanup kits are also sold separately from the kits.

The MinElute columns in the MinElute PCR Purification, Gel Extraction and Reaction Cleanup kits are not sold separately.

We always provide extra buffers in our kits so you can scale up reactions, add extra washes or allow for spillage.

FAQ ID -2460