GHS标志常见问题

什么是GHS?
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GHS全称为Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals,即全球化学品统一分类和标签制度。

GHS由联合国发起,旨在统一危险化学物的警示。其中依据化学品和混合物对人体和坏境的危害,进行了分类,制定了相关标示。

第一版GHS发布于2003年,其后每两年更新一次。

以下为常见问题,希望对您有所帮助。

试剂中的化学成分变了吗?

没有,GHS的改变不会影响我们产品中的化学成分变化。因此,化学品的危险级别与原来相同。变化的仅是标签和包装。

试剂成分是否有变,进而影响试剂盒的使用?

没有,GHS的改变不会影响我们产品的使用范围。变化的仅是标签和包装。

GHS标签的主要元素是什么? 

GHS包含危险化学品的16项物理、10项人体和3项环境分类。这些危险化学品标示是由标识、警示语和危险描述、防范措施等构成。

标签要求
要求 描述
标识 GHS采用9种标识
警示语 “危险”或“警告”
危险描述 危险类别相对应的描述,说明化学品的危险性质,包括危险级别(如果适用)
防范措施 推荐采取的措施,以降低或防止使用、不当储存或操作该危险化学品带来的可能危害
这次变化影响到哪些产品?

只影响产品标签上危险品的标识。

QIAGEN如何告知客户?

QIAGEN在寄送GHS标签产品前,将在试剂盒中放置重要信息文档(参见以下的GHS Labeling文件),告知客户GHS将带来的变化。

我在实验室工作。我应该怎么做?

新的GHS意味着您需要:

  • 告知员工并提供培训
  • 使用新的标签
  • 更新工作安全守则和其他相关文件

请参见以下文件,登陆联合国网页(External Links标签下),了解更多资讯。


资源与支持

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外部链接
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GHS标签
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Steps to implement the requirements of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS).
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Example representation of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) compared with the previous hazard symbols.
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图片
Gas cylinder (Gas under pressure, Risk of explosion)
Gas cylinder
Example of hazard statement:

Contains gas under pressure; may explode when heated

Example of precautionary statement:

Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool

Replaces:

New! No equivalent hazard symbol in previous general use

Health hazard (Risk of sensitization, carcinogenicity)
Health hazard
Example of hazard statement:

May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled

Example of precautionary statement:

In case of inadequate ventilation, wear respiratory protection

Replaces:

Previous cross ("X") hazard symbol for "harmful"

Exclamation mark (Risk of harm)
Exclamation mark (risk of harm)
Example of hazard statement:

Harmful if swallowed
May cause and allergic skin reaction

Example of precautionary statement:

Do not eat, drink, or smoke when using this product
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing

Replaces:

Previous cross ("X") hazard symbol for "harmful"

Skull and crossbones (Risk of toxicity, carcinogenicity)
Skull and crossbones (risk of toxicity)
Example of hazard statement:

Toxic if swallowed

Example of precautionary statement:

IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or a doctor

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "toxic"

Corrosion (Risk of chemical burn)
Corrosion (risk of chemical burn)
Example of hazard statement:

Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

Example of precautionary statement:

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "caustic"

Flame (Flammable, Risk of fire)
Flame (risk of fire)
Example of hazard statement:

Flammable liquid and vapor

Example of precautionary statement:

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "flammable"

Flame over circle (Risk of combustion
Flame over circle (risk of combustion)
Example of hazard statement:

May intensify fire; oxidizer

Example of precautionary statement:

Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "oxidizer"

Exploding bomb (Risk of explosion)
Exploding bomb (risk of explosion)
Example of hazard statement:

Heating may cause an explosion

Example of precautionary statement:

Explosion risk in case of fire

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "explosive"

Environment (Hazardous to aquatic life)
Environment (hazardous to aquatic life)
Example of hazard statement:

Toxic to aquatic life, with long-lasting effects

Example of precautionary statement:

Avoid release to the environment

Replaces:

Previous similar hazard symbol for "harmful to environment"