Borrelia sp. is a pathogen carried by ticks that causes Lyme disease in humans and other mammals. DNA was purified from ticks using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit. Borrelia DNA was detected in real-time PCR using the artus Borrelia LC PCR Kit on the LightCycler system. The lowest positive curve corresponds to 5 copies per PCR.
DNA was purified from the indicated animal tissues using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. For each sample, 0.5 µg DNA was analyzed undigested (left) or 1 µg DNA was digested with EcoRI (right). M: lambda-HindIII.
DNA was purified from hair of 3 brown horses and analyzed for coat-color genotypes using the MSH and ASIP PCR systems. [A] MSH PCR products were digested with TaqI. Horses 1 and 3 were identified as Ee heterozygotes, carrying the recessive e allele for red coat color. [B] Analysis of ASIP PCR products identify horses 1 and 2 as Aa heterozygotes, carrying the recessive a allele for black coat color. +: Positive Ee aa control DNA from a black horse. -: Negative PCR control. M: markers.
DNA was purified from 24 mouse tails and from 24 rat tails using the DNeasy 96 Blood & Tissue Kit. DNA was analyzed on a 1% agarose gel. M: lambda-HindIII.
DNA was purified from pig ear punches using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit and amplified using the Animaltype Pig PCR Amplification Kit from Biotype AG and QIAGEN HotStarTaq DNA Polymerase. The electropherogram shows the genetic fingerprint for 12 polymorphic tetranucleotide microsatellites and one marker for gender determination (SBH23).
Genomic DNA was purified from human K562 cells using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit. Multiplex PCRs were performed in duplicate using the QIAGEN Multiplex PCR Kit with the indicated amount of DNA and 16 pairs of primers. M: 100 bp ladder.
DNA was purified from 100 µl whole blood using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit. Goat: DNA was purified from 50 µl goat whole blood. Using more than 50 µl goat blood gave no significant increase in DNA yield. Chicken: DNA was purified from 5 µl chicken whole blood. Bird blood contains nucleated erythrocytes, giving higher DNA yields than mammalian blood.